Aluminium chlorohydrate is a group of salts having the general formula AlnCl(3n-m)(OH)m. It is used in deodorants and antiperspirants and as a flocculant in water purification.
Other names for pac are basic aluminium chloride, polybasic aluminium chloride, aluminium hydroxide, and aluminium oxychloride and aluminium chlorohydrate.
Poly-Aluminium Chloride(PAC) is a kind of innocuous, insipidness and easy dissolve in water with appearance of white or light yellow or yellow colour lipidic from liquid and fine resin solid powder, solid product is easy adsorb damp when exposed in the air.
PAC is composed with a series of different polymerizing power of abio-macromolecule compound, it occupying best configuration distribution, the main content is which has high electricity polymerization link distribution figure provided with Keggin configuration, due to it have high electric neutralization and united function to cooloid and fine substance in the water, it mightly wipe off micro-poison and heavy metal ion,PAC has stable capability and configuration character.
The Polyaluminum Chloride Solution product line offers a broad range of formulations that have unique performance characteristics when compared to the more conventional products like alum, aluminum chloride, ferric chloride, ferric sulfate, etc. Polyaluminum Chloride Solution is a corrosive mineral acid. Other modified PAC compounds include polyaluminum hydroxide chloride silicate (PACS) and polyaluminum hydroxide chloride silicate sulfate (PASS).
Polyaluminium chlorides are synthetic polymers dissolved in water. They react to form insoluble aluminium poly-hydroxides which precipitate in big volumetric flocs.The flocs absorb suspended pollutants in the water which are precipitated with the PAC and can together be easily removed.
PAC products are used in water treatment for removal of suspended solid (Turbidity) and other contaminants such as natural organic matter from surface water, Micro - organisms and colloidal particles, silt and clay are stabilized by surface electrostatic charges preventing the particles from coalescing. It is advantageous in water of low to moderate turbidity, possibly because of the greater charge neutralizing capacity relative to alum.
Poly-Aluminium Chloride(PAC)is a kind of highly effective water purificiant, which is wildly used in the purification of table water, industry water, industry circulation water and wasted and polluted water from pharmacy industry, paper making industry and printing and dying industry, as well as life wasted water.
PAC manufactured through spray drying process show features of high stability, adaptation to wide water area, quick hydrolysis speed, strong absorptivity, big flocs, quick precipitation, low turbidity out of water and superior dehydration property. Spray drying products are needed less than other products for the treatment of same water quality, and especially for seriously polluted water.
New analysis from Frost & Sullivan, European Industrial Water Treatment Chemicals Market, reveals that revenue in this industry totalled around $1.31 billion in 2005 and was projected to reach around $1.94 billion in 2012, growing very fast. Segmented by application into raw water, process water and effluent water treatment chemicals, this market report covers antifoams, biocides, coagulants, scale and corrosion inhibitors, flocculants, heavy metal removal agents, ion exchange resins, odour control agents and reverse osmosis among others to treat water.
It is reported that New Age coagulants such as aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH) and polyaluminium chloride (PACl) do not have as great an effect as does alum. Organic coagulants generally do not effect the raw water alkalinity and pH; which can be an advantage in some cases.
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